Family : Annonaceae (Custard-apple family)
Spesies : Cananga odorata
i) Canangium fruticosum Craib
ii) Canangium odoratum (Lamk) Baill. Ex King
iii) Canangium scortechinii King
iv) Uvaria odorata Lamk
Grows in a geographical zone ranging from India to Polynesia.
Ylang-ylang is of medium size 10-40m (33-130ft) in height, although rarely over 30m (100ft) and typically 10-20m(33-66ft). Branches are pendulous or slightly erect with drooping, leafy twigs. The tree is usually quite straggly, often with long, leafy twigs dangling 3-6 m (10-20ft). There is a single main trunk that is usually bent to some degree. The bark is smooth and grayish white to silvery.
Greenish black in color, 1.5-2.5 cm(0.6-1.0) in length, containing 6-12 stalked fruitlets, fleshy, olive-like and borne in axillary clusters. There are 6-12, small, pale brown, flattened ovoid seeds in each fruits.
ANATOMY DESCRIPTION :
Open, veinlet branching; marginal vein incomplete
Adaxial anticlinal walls sinuous, abaxial anticlinal walls sinuous; stomata paracytic
Body ornamentation/ garlands
Ceremonial/ religious important
The distilled oils are sometimes used to flavor beverages and foods.
Cytotoxic constituent of the fruits of Cananga odorata
- Guaipyridine sesquiterpene alkaloid